Silicon-based devices for quantum computing and standards
As modern electronic devices shrink, it is increasingly clear that the future of electronics lies in devices capable of harnessing quantum mechanical effects. Perhaps surprisingly, just as silicon forms the basis of contemporary electronics, silicon could form the basis of quantum electronics. Silicon-based approaches to quantum devices have several advantages: the ability to leverage industrial fabrication techniques, easy integration with CMOS control electronics, excellent coherence times, and the luxury of working in an extremely clean, stable, and well-studied material system. In this talk, I will give an overview of the efforts and results of several collaborations at NIST in silicon-based quantum devices. I will discuss how these devices can be exploited to do computation and provide standards of everyday quantities based on fundamental constants.